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Thesis Defence: Impact of Fatty Acids on Low-Level Lead (Pb) Absorption and Cellular Stress

May 31 at 10:00 am - 2:00 pm

Amanda Copp, supervised by Dr. Sanjoy Ghosh, will defend their thesis titled “Impact of Fatty Acids on Low-Level Lead (Pb) Absorption and Cellular Stress” in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

An abstract for Amanda Copp’s thesis is included below.

Defences are open to all members of the campus community as well as the general public. Registration is not required for in person defences.


ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of premature mortality. Fibrosis of the heart is a major contributor to chronic CVD pathology. Oxidative stress resulting from, an imbalance of oxidizers and antioxidants, is a major player in the development of CVD. Both exposure to heavy metals, like lead (Pb), and the overconsumption of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have separately been linked with increased oxidative stress and fibrosis. Regulatory bodies have deemed certain blood Pb levels as acceptable, but Pb levels are misrepresented, and evidence shows that these ‘allowable’ levels are unsafe. Given the preponderance of omega-6 PUFA and Pb in the Canadian food supply, this work for the first time investigates the interactions between Pb and fatty acids (FAs) on markers of cellular oxidative stress and fibrosis. Two murine cell models, NIH-3T3 fibroblasts and RAW 264.7 macrophages, were used as models of fibrosis formation and inflammation respectively were used. The PUFA, linoleic Acid (LA) and a saturated fatty acid, palmitic acid (PA) were used to study cellular absorption parameters of Pb. In chapter 2, dose-response studies were conducted to determine what levels of Pb, could keep cells alive and allow them to show stress responses over 24 hours. Chapter 3 investigated Pb absorption using an intracellular Pb-specific fluorescent probe and found that Pb absorption in fibroblasts and macrophages was decreased by the presence of both FA. It was further shown that exposure of RAW 264.7 macrophage cells to 5uM Pb and 25uM LA induced more Pb absorption than 5uM Pb and 25uM PA. This could indicate that omega-6 PUFA can promote Pb absorption greater than a saturated fatty acid. Chapter 4 concludes with investigation into the gene expression of various antioxidizing genes and membrane proteins that transport Pb, both of which can play a critical role in oxidative stress and fibrosis. Overall, these results give an initial understanding of Pb and FA interactions at the cellular level, in hopes that this provides the initial step in justifying the need of continued investigation into the synergistic roles of low-level Pb exposure and dietary fats towards cellular stress and CVD.

Details

Date:
May 31
Time:
10:00 am - 2:00 pm

Venue

Engineering, Management, and Education Building (EME)
1137 Alumni Ave
Kelowna, BC V1V 1V7 Canada
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Additional Info

Room Number
EME 4116
Registration/RSVP Required
No
Event Type
Thesis Defence
Topic
Research and Innovation, Science, Technology and Engineering
Audiences
Alumni, Community, Faculty, Staff, Families, Partners and Industry, Students, Postdoctoral Fellows and Research Associates